Spirulina (Spirulina platensis)
The spirulina algae is a multicellular yarn which twists up spirally, however this is not labelled as a plant, but a bacteria. It occurs in large quantities in subtropical and tropical water. Spirulina algae does not have a strong cell membrane, that is why our organism can obtain its essential compounds easily. It has also strong antioxidant content. In the nature it contains calcium, magnesium, silicon and zinc. It can be found in the dark green leafy vegetables.
Chlorella (Chlorella pyrenoidosa)
The Chlorella is a single-celled micro-algae, which occurs in fresh water. Despite its small size it is a real powerhouse. In the nature it is rich in iron, magnesium, potassium, selenium, zinc, vitamins C and B, and is able to produce amino acids which our body is not capable of.
The chlorella algae has a kind of anti-radiation effect. The Japanese doctor Ichimura observed the fact while countinuing animal tests in 1973 that due to 8 grams Chlorella per day increased the discharge of cadmium (radioactive material) in their bodies.
This algae is autochthonal in the crystal clear, high mineral-bearing water of West-Europe. It is considered as a plant since the 19th century. The living algae has red color, but after drying the color turns white. Its curiosity is that it grows very slowly, only 1 mm per year. The micro-algae’s significance is that in the nature it has a high calcium content and more than 34% of its composition is natural, pure calcium. In addition, it is very rich in magnesium, iron and other trace elements such as zinc, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
Astaxanthin (Haematococcus pluvialis)
The micro-algae called Haematococcus pluvialis produces the largest quantity of astaxanthin in the nature. The size of this freshwater algae is approximately 0,1 mm. It belongs to the family of green algaes, it is rich in blood; in case of strong solar radiation or nutrient deficiencies it come into a rested state and became pigmentized to red. The main reason of the red color is the astaxanthin carotenoid, which was identified in 1944 by English biochemist Tisher. Later the natural astaxanthin become known as “the world’s most powerful antioxidant”.
The astaxanthin production process in a natural reaction is induced by environmental stressor effects. Thanks to the protection functions, the algaes are able to withstand more than 40 years without food or water; they can survive the summer and winter temperature changes. They can regain their green and active state when the living conditions are adequate for them again.